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OSL

That zakone n'is bettere as that kremtsha.

The Oceana State Law is a Lovian law book and the official State Law of the state of Oceana.

History Edit

It was the Governor's task to write it or appoint somebody to do so. The former governor, Oos Wes Ilava, appointed Ben Opať, who had become the governor, to write it. However, Ben Opat' had left Lovia and there no longer was a governor, nor someone else who would be able to write the State Law. State Laws were abolished in October 2010 and recreated in June 2013.

Law Edit

Arrow right See also: Zakone 'Oshenna for the Oceana language version.

Chapter 1: State of Oceana Edit

Article 1: Oceana Act Edit

  1. Oceana is an indivisible Lovian state.
  2. The State of Oceana is executively and legislatively governed by the Governor, chosen in State Elections, as described in the Constitution.
  3. In the State of Oceana, the observance of the Constitution and the Federal Law, their supremacy and the laws shall be mandatory.
  4. The State of Oceana is a democratic and social state, governed by the rule of law, in which human dignity, the citizens' rights and freedoms, the free development of human personality, justice and political pluralism represent supreme values, in the spirit of the democratic traditions of the Oceana people, and shall be guaranteed.
  5. The State of Oceana shall be organized based on the principle of the separation and balance of powers within the framework of constitutional democracy.
  6. The State of Oceana can, in order with the Constitution, enact its own laws, collected in the State Law.
  7. The capital of Oceana is Hurbanova.
  8. The official languages of Oceana are Lovian English and Oceana.

Article 2: State Government Edit

  1. State Elections:
    1. Every year State Elections must be held for the election of the 30 seat State Council.
    2. Every Lovian citizen has the right to become a candidate for Governor of Oceana if he or she has an official residence in this State.
      1. It is not permitted to be a candidate during a State Election in more than one state.
    3. The term of office of the elected Governor, Deputy Governor, and State Council Member is exactly one year. Therefore every year the elections should be held at the same date.
    4. Election procedure during State Elections:
      1. The Oceana State Elections are two different elections held at the same time; one for electing the Governor and Deputy Governor, and one for electing the State Council.
      2. During a period of two weeks, any Lovian citizen and resident of the state can become a candidate for Governor in the State Elections. This period begins exactly one month before the day of the inauguration of the Governor, Deputy Governor, and State Council. This is also the period in which parties can register for the State Council Elections.
      3. During a period of two weeks, any Lovian citizen can cast his or her vote in favor of a candidate in the State Governor Elections.
        1. Every citizen may cast one vote per Governor candidate in the State Elections.
        2. Citizens may choose not to cast their vote.
        3. The citizen must be a resident of the state.
      4. During that same period of two weeks, any Lovian citizen can cast his or her vote in favor of a political party in the State Council Elections.
        1. Every citizen may cast three favorable votes per State Council Election: a Major Vote, a Minor Vote and a Favor Vote. A Major Vote is worth three points, a Minor Vote two and a Favor Vote one.
          1. Additionally, a citizen may chose to cast one point per year he has been living in the State of Oceana. These points may be cast for one political party, but this is not mandatory.
        2. It is not allowed to run independently; one must be on the list of a political party that either contains the name "Oceana" or "Oshenna" in its name, or that is Oceana-based.
        3. All political parties must receive at least three points to receive any seats in the State Council.
        4. Citizens may not cast multiple votes for the same political party. All cast votes must be given to different political parties.
        5. Citizens may choose not to cast their vote.
        6. The citizen must be a resident of the state.
      5. The normal dates of elections, excluding the possibility of a resignation of both Governor and Deputy Governor, are set at September 16th to 30th for nominations, and from October 1st to 14th for voting. Inauguration Day is set at November 1st.
      6. All political parties will complete the elections with a percentage of the total votes, with the exception of those that have withdrawn.
        1. The percentage of votes cast to a certain political party forms the total votes cast and is the percentage of seats in State Council that the candidate will control.
          1. The State Council Members may delegate their seats to all the parties that they wish, but still control the votes of each State Council Member.
      7. The candidate for Governor who received the highest number of votes and at least three will become Governor of the State of Oceana.
        1. In the case of an ex aequo, a second voting round must be held within two weeks' time.
        2. The Governor is head of the State Government.
      8. The candidate for Governor who received the second highest number of votes and at least three will become Deputy Governor of the State of Oceana.
        1. The Deputy Governor is in temporary head of State during the absence of the Governor.
        2. Upon the resignation of the Governor, or any other instance causing the Governor to quit, the Deputy Governor becomes Governor and will keep this office until the next State Elections.
      9. In the State of Oceana, the voting age limit for statewide elections is set to the age of 18.
    5. All power of the State Council goes to the Governor, or the Deputy Governor, if the Governor is inactive, when more than half of the Members of the State Council are inactive; either self-declared or if they have not edited for over a month (30 days).
      1. If a proposal has been in the voting stage for longer than two weeks and less than half of the Members of the State Council has voted in favor, the Governor may decide to accept the vote nonetheless; under the condition that more than half of the votes cast are in favor of the proposal.

Article 3: State Organization Edit

  1. The State of Oceana is divided in two municipalities and thirteen districts.
    1. The two municipalities are East Hills and Hurbanova.
      1. Belonging to the municipality of East Hills are the districts Beaver River Mouth (Newmouth, Tshadsa, Westwall), East Hills, North Coast (Dubnitz, Orwnitz), Northern Wine Region (Cold Hill, Heighnow, Sternaw), and Oceana Emeralds (Boynitz, Magna Augusta).
      2. Belonging to the municipality of Hurbanova are the districts Dien Village, Hurbanova, Newport-Forest, Overbanken-Forest, Slowane, Scotland, Southern Oceana (Bardeyow, Skelington), and Southern Wine Region (Bytack, Righow, Topolcane, Vrabelvrutke).
        1. The district of Hurbanova is further divided in five neighborhoods: Downtown Hurbanova, Drake Town, Millstreet, Newport-Neighborhood, and Overbanken-Neighborhood.
  2. The municipalities are governed by Mayors, who are appointed by the Governor and State Council; the districts and neighborhoods are governed by Chairmen, who are elected by popular vote within the district or neighborhood. The district of Hurbanova does not have a Chairman, as it is divided in neighborhoods.
    1. The foremost task of the Chairmen is to inform and advise Mayors. It is the Mayors' task to inform and advise the Governor and State Council.

Article 4: State Symbols Act Edit

  1. The State of Oceana is represented by a series of official state symbols, that can be considered typically Oceana.
  2. The official seal of Oceana is: this seal.
  3. The official flag of Oceana is: this flag.
  4. The official color of Oceana is: red.
  5. The official animation of Oceana is: That Lew.
  6. The cultural leader of Oceana is the Heretow 'Oshenna, Oos Wes Ilava.
  7. There is no official slogan or nickname.

Article 5: Recognized Areal Names Act Edit

  1. Several water body names have been officialized in Oceana, these only include the largest waters:
    1. Barstow River; Beaver River; Belni; Cur Stream; Dennerwa; Dien; Done; Eastern Kláp; Falcon River; Goarssef; Guend; Guendter Channel; Heyessef; Hillstern; Heartland Stream; Hurbanova Stream; Johnsilver Stream; Kollweck; Lake Vizzock; Lessef; Lower Guend; Miesha; Nahrodin; New Canal; Northern Trench; Old Guend; Old Syf; Pacific Ocean; Pester; Ploath; Polish Stream; Prolock; Scueln; Shrod Channel; Snalter Stream; Snoarfall; Svolnick; Syf; That Hraght; That Logue; Thatrensh; That Yin; Treehold Stream; Trwa; Upper Guend; Upper Vax; Vax; Velmnick; Wishe.
  2. Several areal names have been officialized as well, and are grouped in five different categories:
    1. Forestal areas: Birds Forests; Carlton Forests; Duenn Forests; Lielnick Forests; Mycknick Forests; Polish Forests; Ryshembrock Forests; Southern Beaver River Forests; Southern Forests.
    2. Islands and wetlands: Isle of Bratislava Wetlands; Isle of Frisco; Isle of London; Svolnick Moor.
    3. Elevated or uneven areas: Bosch Hills; Curland Massive; Eastern Massive; Easthills; Falconbergh; Lawrence French Massive; Massive of the Kings; Northern Central Hills; Southern Central Hills; Syf Hills; That Heye; The Heights; Westhills.
    4. River areas: Beaver River; Beaver River Mouth; Hurbanova Stream; Kollweck; Miesha; That Logue; Thatrensh.
    5. Special landscapes: Betwixt thie Dwah; Overbanken; That Ength; That Pitte; That Pynt; Vineyards.
  3. A map with river names can be found here; and a map with areal names can be found here.

Article 6: State Departments Edit

  1. A State Department is an executive division of the State Government which focuses on one particular field of governance that is large enough to be separated from the general State Government.
    1. State Departments have an executive function and no legislative role.
    2. State Departments are led by a Chairman who is appointed by the Governor.
      1. If the Oceana State Council does not agree with the appointed Chairman, it can overrule the Governor's decision by a simple majority. In that case, the Governor should appoint another Chairman.
  2. The current State Departments in Oceana are:
    1. Oceana State Department of Culture and Heritage, which controls, manages, and protects all cultural events and institutions, as well as historic buildings and sites in the State of Oceana;
    2. Oceana State Department of Public Services, which oversees all public services, such as waste disposal, water, energy, and gas, and health and safety in the State of Oceana;
    3. Oceana State Department of Public Transportation, which manages the Bus Service Oceana and all forms of public transportation, including customized transportations, in the State of Oceana;
    4. Oceana State Department of Urban Planning and Development, which controls any urban expansions, cadastral services, and urban redevelopment, and manages the Oceana Demographic Center, as well as ground usage in the State of Oceana;
    5. Oceana State Department of Environmental Affairs, which manages and develops nature and agriculture and is concerned with environmental issues in the State of Oceana.

Chapter 2: Regulations concerning construction Edit

Article 1: Building Rights Act Edit

  1. If one desires to construct a building in a neighborhood, the Governor must approve the construction plans as well as the construction site.
    1. One does not need to inform the Governor about any new constructions.
    2. If the Governor does not reject the plans or the site within two weeks, both are to be considered approved.
  2. If one desires to construct a building in agrarian areas or forests, the Governor and State Council must approve the construction plans as well as the construction site.
    1. One does not need to inform the Governor about any new constructions.
    2. If the Governor does not reject the plans or the site within two weeks, both are to be considered approved.
    3. The voice of environmental movements is considered to weigh heavy in this case, more so than when it is planned to be built in an already existing neighborhood.
  3. A building may only be demolished with the permission of the Governor; if a building is a monument, it cannot be demolished, unless the building is taken from the monument list.

Article 2: Monument Care Act Edit

  1. All monuments in the State of Oceana are administrated, registered, protected, and kept for future generations by the Oceana State Department of Culture and Heritage.
    1. Buildings considered to have monumental value are historic sites, architectural rarities, buildings with high emotional value to the Oceana people, and buildings constructed before 1930.
  2. The Governor of Oceana must appoint someone to be the Chairman of this service or be the Chairman himself.
  3. A building will only be taken from the list with high exception. For example, if it has been added by mistake, if other constructions have to take place at the very same spot (in this case, moving the monumental structure should be considered), or if the building is very damaged and irrepairable (in this case, reconstruction should be considered).

Article 3: City, Town and Hamlet Act Edit

  1. No person can found a city, town, village or hamlet without the permission of the acting Governor and State Council.
  2. Neighborhoods can be founded with the sole permission of the Governor, but this permission can be declared of no account by the State Council if they consider the expansion of that town or city unnecessary and if they do not think that this expansion will contribute to the State's prosperity.

Article 4: Mining Act Edit

  1. Nobody is allowed to construct a mine of any kind without the permission of the Governor and State Council.
  2. All mines must be build at least three kilometers away from cities or towns; hamlets and villages can however be built near a mine.
    1. If a hamlet or village grows out to become a city or town, this does not affect any previously constructed mines.
  3. A mining organization can found a hamlet with the permission of the Governor and State Council.

Chapter 3: State Responsibilities Edit

Article 1: Oceana Healthcare Service Edit

  1. The Oceana Healthcare Service is an organization funded by and under the responsibility of the Oceana State Government.
    1. The Oceana Healthcare Service has to ensure that every inhabitant of Oceana has access to affordable healthcare and is charged with the task of looking for ways to improve healthcare in Oceana and ensure that all concerns raised are addressed.
    2. The Oceana Healthcare Service is run by the Oceana State Department of Public Services of the Oceana State Government.
    3. All companies providing publicly funded healthcare have to obey to the rules and protocols given by the Oceana Healthcare Service.
  2. In order to provide accessible healthcare throughout Oceana, payments will be given to the Oceana Healthcare Service, which will then decide on what the money will be spent on.
    1. The Oceana Healthcare Service will receive an amount of L$500 per inhabitant of the State per year.
      1. If the expenses per head exceed L$500, the State Government is obliged to reimburse the expenses.
      2. If the expenses per head are less than L$500, the Oceana Healthcare Service may invest the left-over sum in innovation and improvement of the healthcare service or deposit the left-over sum back to the State Government.
    2. On top of that, the Oceana Healthcare Service will receive an amount of L$500,000 per recognized medical center, and L$5,000,000 per recognized hospital per year.
      1. A medical center or hospital is to be recognized by the Oceana State Department of Public Services of the Oceana State Government.
    3. The Oceana Healthcare Service has freedom of spending, as long as the following requirements are met:
      1. The funding may only be used for improving or innovating healthcare services, as well as for reimbursement of expenses.
      2. The funding must support at least the recognized medical centers in Dien Village, Downtown Hurbanova, East Hills, Righow, and Sternaw, and the recognized Mariaberg Hospital in Millstreet.
    4. Extra funding may be allocated to the Oceana Healthcare Service for specific purposes if approved by the Governor.
  3. Companies under the Oceana Healthcare Service may charge a maximum of L$200 per inhabitant per year for provided services.
    1. Official state inhabitants which do not have insurance, and do not have money, will be financially aided by the State Government.
    2. Lovian citizens that do not have an official residence in Oceana may be charged a maximum of L$200 per treatment, with a maximum of L$2,500 per person per year.
    3. People that are not Lovian citizens and that do not have an official residence in Oceana may be charged the full amount.
    4. Companies may only charge patients for reasonable amounts for granted services which were either agreed upon by the patient in advance, or which were necessary and life saving, which is to be monitored by the Oceana State Department of Public Services.
  4. It is a responsibility of the companies under the Oceana Healthcare Service to ensure that certain standards are met concerning the service they provide and how they are run.
    1. Companies must be non-profit organizations that do not trade shares publicly.
    2. It is the aim of companies under the Oceana Healthcare Service to serve their patients primarily.
  5. The wealth or insurance of an individual may not be taken into account when allocating treatment, primacy must be given to those with the worst and life threatening ailments.
    1. Patients must not be allowed to wait more than six months for treatment.
  6. The Oceana Healthcare Service must establish a healthcare board for each company under the Oceana Healthcare Service to critique the companies that are providing services under it.
    1. A healthcare board must be made up of members that have extensive knowledge in healthcare and are not in anyway related, socially or corporately, to the owners of the company or the company itself.

Article 2: Oceana Fire Service Edit

  1. The Oceana Fire Service is maintained by the Oceana State Government.
    1. The Oceana Fire Service must ensure that every inhabitant of the state is protected from natural dangers and must look for ways to improve said protection in Oceana as well as raise awareness of common natural dangers in Oceana and ensure that all concerns raised are addressed.
    2. The Oceana Fire Service is run as part of the Oceana State Department of Public Services.
    3. A company can be considered under the Oceana Fire Service if it is owned by the Oceana State Government.
  2. All recognized fire stations in Oceana receive a yearly funding from the Oceana State Government.
    1. The current funding per fire station is L$2,500,000.
    2. Recognized fire stations are the fire stations in Millstreet, Dien Village, and East Hills.
    3. Extra funding may be allocated to the State Department for the same purposes at the discretion of the Governor.
  3. Natural dangers must be addressed with primacy being given to the ones that threaten the most lives first.
  4. The Oceana Fire Service must ensure that it spends part of its budget on raising awareness and prevention of natural dangers.

Article 3: Oceana Waste Service Edit

  1. The Oceana Waste Service is maintained by the Oceana State Government.
    1. The Oceana Waste Service must ensure that every Oceana inhabitant is able to receive proper waste, refuse and recycling services and must look for ways to improve said services in Oceana as well as work towards increasing recycling in Oceana and must ensure that all concerns raised are addressed.
    2. The Oceana Waste Service is run by the Oceana State Department of Public Services of the Oceana State Government.
    3. A company can be considered under the Oceana Waste Service if it is owned by the Oceana State Government.
  2. Inhabitants of Oceana pay for the disposal of their waste, which is collected at home on a bi-weekly base.
    1. Each residence has the right to be using two disposal bins: one for decomposable waste, such as garden waste and eating rests, and one for non-decomposable waste.
      1. In order to minimize the amount of non-decomposable waste, the Oceana Government must provide recycling points in each hamlet.
        1. Recycling points are on private-owned property and recyclable goods should be kept separate by the owner. The recycling points are collected on a monthly base, and the owner of the property will receive a fair amount of money.
        2. Recyclable goods are considered to be metals, plastic, paper and cardboard, glass, and textile.
        3. Large products such as processed wood and furniture may be brought to a local dump straight away.
        4. Electronics and hazardous or environmetally damaging materials and products must be brought to a dump and may not be disposed of by the usual service.
      2. Each residence pays for a fixed cost per month, depending on the size of their disposal bin.
        1. Disposal bins for non-decomposable and decomposable waste are available in the sizes 40l, 80l, 120l, 160l, and 200l.
        2. The costs are fixed at L$4 for non-decomposable waste, and a cost of L$1,50 per extra 40l.
        3. The costs are fixed at L$3 for decomposable waste, and a cost of L$1 per extra 40l.
    2. If the costs of the Oceana Waste Service exceed the amount of money that is raised, the Oceana State Government is obliged to reimburse the expenses.
    3. Extra funding may be allocated to the Oceana Waste Service at the discretion of the Governor.
  3. It is the responsibility of the companies under the Oceana Waste Service to ensure that certain standards are met concerning the service they provide.
    1. Companies must maximise the amount of waste they recycle within their means.

Article 4: Oceana Water Service Edit

  1. The Oceana Water Service is maintained by the Oceana State Government.
    1. The Oceana Water Service must ensure that every Oceana inhabitant is able to receive cleaning, purification and supply of water services and must look for ways to improve said services in Oceana and must ensure that all concerns raised are addressed.
    2. The Oceana Water Service is run by the Oceana State Department of Public Services of the Oceana State Government.
    3. A company can be considered under the Oceana Water Service if it is owned by the Oceana State Government.
  2. The Oceana State Government is obliged to maintain a water supply centre near Overbanken, and to maintain proper waterworks as well as a proper sewerage.
    1. Each residence pays a fix amount of L$0,002 per liter of water that is taken from the water pipe.
    2. If the costs of the Oceana Water Service exceed the amount of money that is raised, the Oceana State Government is obliged to reimburse the expenses.
  3. It is the responsibility of the companies under the Oceana Water Service to ensure that certain standards are met concerning the service they provide.
    1. Companies must provide clean drinkable water for all their customers.
    2. Companies must provide running water for all their customers.
  4. There is a limitation on the chemicals or substances that may be put into purified tap water by companies operating under the Oceana Water Service.
    1. Any chemicals or substances that over a short or long period of time affect the personal disposition to any noticeable degree or negatively affect the health of an individual may not be added to water in an amount that may cause such affects over a short or long period.
    2. It is the responsibility of the Oceana Government to set up an Oceana Water Board which makes precise limitations on chemicals and substances and which ensures proper regulation of water.
    3. It is the responsibility of inspectors employed by the Oceana Water Board to regularly ensure that no water has chemicals above limitations within it.

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