Expressionism is the tendency of an artist to distort reality for an emotional effect; it is a subjective art form. Expressionism is exhibited in many art forms, including painting, literature, theatre, film, architecture and music. The term often implies emotional angst. In a general sense, painters such as Matthias Grünewald and El Greco can be called expressionist, though in practice, the term is applied mainly to 20th century works.
There was never a group of artists that called themselves "The expressionists". This movement primarily originated in Germany and Austria, though following World War II it began to influence young American artists. Other artists of the late 20th and early 21st century have developed distinct movements that are generally considered part of Expressionism. There were a number of Expressionist groups in painting, including the Blaue Reiter and Die Brücke. The Der Blaue Reiter group was based in Munich and Die Brücke was based originally in Dresden (although some later moved to Berlin). Die Brücke was active for a longer period than Der Blaue Reiter which was only truly together for a year (1912). The Expressionists had many influences, among them Munch, Vincent van Gogh, and African art.
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|Lovian Museum for Modern Art|
|Collection: Turner Hall (Romanticism) - Courbet Hall (Realism) - Monet Hall (Impressionism) - Brake Hall (Cubism) - Macke Hall (Expressionism) - Wesselman Hall (Pop Art) - Ernst Hall (Surrealism) - Landfield Hall (Color Field)|
|Exhibitions: Medvedev Hall (J.M.W. Turner) - Noble Hall (René Magritte) - Washington Hall (Henri Matisse)|
|Other Musea: Capitol Museum Group|
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