|East Hills - "the Quarry Hamlet"|
|Language(s)||English and Oceana|
|Location||Oceana (Peace Island)|
|Next to||Magna Augusta|
|Nicknames||The Quarry Hamlet|
East Hills (also written as Easthills; Narasha 'Oshenna: Eesheckt, IPA: ['i:ʃɛkˠt̪]; Polish: Iśec; Slovak: Íšec, IPA: /'i:ʃɛts/) is a rural Lovian town in the northern region of the State of Oceana. Administratively, it used to belong to the town of Hurbanova. It is built near the Jamal Hustróva Quarry and most of the town's landmarks are directly related to its past as a mining hub. East Hills is the home of the Lovian Quarry Museum and also houses the East Hills Sports Facilities. Walden Elementary, a nature-oriented elementary school, is based here. The Emerald Railway to Hurbanova used to stop in East Hills.
The Oceana nationalist movement is most powerful here. The town is known for its strong opposition between the native-born Oceana people and Lovians from other states. As a result of this, many native-born tend to vote Natsionalistiski Parti 'Oshenna or Parti fo Nesavicelost 'Oshenna.
Even though East Hills is a town and not a hamlet, the official nickname is "The Quarry Hamlet".
Of the 8,022 inhabitants of the East Hills canton, 6,527 live in the canton's built-up area. According to the 2015 census, the racial make-up of East Hills was 6,349 white (97,27%), 105 black (1,61%), 31 asian-pacific (0,47%), and 42 undefined (0,64%); ethnically there were 2,975 Oceana (45,58%), 1,608 Lovians (24,64%), 944 Slovaks (14,46%), 399 Poles (6,11%), 225 Limburgish people (3,45%), 109 Romanians (1,67%), 48 Americans (0,74%), 44 Dutch people (0,67%), 39 British people (0,60%), 24 Russians (0,37%), 20 Bosnians (0,31%), 8 Chinese people (0,12%), 4 Koreans (0,06%), 3 Scandinavians (0,05%), and 77 others (1,18%). The first-language distribution was recorded as 3,868 English (59,26%), 1,426 Oceana (21,85%), 579 Slovak (8,87%), 180 Limburgish (2,76%), 136 Polish (2,08%), 124 Hurbanovan English (1,90%), 90 Romanian (1,38%), 18 Dutch (0,28%), 18 Russian (0,28%), 15 other Germanic (0,23%), 11 Bosnian (0,17%), 8 Chinese (0,12%), 6 other Slavic (0,09%), 4 Korean (0,06%), and 44 other (0,67%). The distribution of religious affiliations was 4,134 Roman Catholic (63,34%), 459 United Protestant (7,03%), 102 Evangelic-Christian (1,56%), 101 Romanian Orthodox (1,55%), 51 other Protestant-Christian (0,78%), 39 other Orthodox-Christian (0,60%), 19 Lutheran (0,29%), 8 Buddhist (0,12%), 4 Cheondist (0,06%), 2 Dutch Protestant (0,03%), 2 Free Churchers (0,03%), 51 other (0,78%), and 1,555 with no religious affiliation (23,82%).
East Hills is located within the geographic Central Hill Land region (Narasha 'Oshenna: Thie Kopetshes) of Peace Island. Very agricultural and rural in general, the direct surroundings of East Hills tend to be rockier and less suitable for crops. A great portion of the surrounding surface is not considered to be arable land. The center of the built-up area is located at approximately 220 meters high.
East Hills' direct environment, however, is found extremely suited for quarrying. Open-pit mines, like the notable Jamal Hustróva Quarry in East Hills, are generally used for extracting building materials, such as dimension stone, construction aggregate, riprap, sand, and gravel. An island being so suitable for quarrying is rather rare, and does not occur on the nearby Hawaiian islands.
Of the 9,604 functioning registrated buildings in East Hills, 2,016 have a residential designation, 3,588 are stalls, sheds or workhouses, 96 have a religious designation, 1,108 are shops or services buildings, 807 are governmental buildings, and 1,989 are undefined.
Most of the inhabitants of East Hills are employed in mining, services, or the agricultural sector. According to the 2013 census, the working population of the built-up area is 3,312 (65,9%), of which 601 have no registrated jobs (18,1%) and 463 are unemployed (14%).
Town map Edit
Jamal Hustróva Quarry
1 Quarry Avenue
2 School Street
|Quarry Avenue / Stromcesta o'Geakamenj Oude'hey|
| Org Thomas|
1 Swit Street
|*1|| McDonald's Family Restaurant|
2 Swit Street
1 Stone Street
|*2|| Jamal Hustróva|
2 Stone Street
| Andy McCandless |
1 Camp Street
|*3|| Chez Pierre|
2 Camp Street
|*4|| Chairman Home|
4 School Street
| FOR SALE|
3 Swit Street
| FOR SALE|
4 Swit Street
| Karlovy Vary |
3 Stone Street
|Hole Park|| LoviaMarket|
4 Camp Street
| FOR SALE|
5 Swit Street
| FOR SALE|
6 Swit Street
| LBS Bank|
5 Stone Street
| Vineyard Store |
6 Camp Street
| InterBus HQ|
6 School Street
| World Market|
7 Swit Street
| FOR SALE|
8 Swit Street
| Free Society |
7 Stone Street
| NPO Headquarters |
8 Stone Street
| Jon Johnson |
7 Camp Street
| Pizzeria Il Regno d'Oceano |
8 Camp Street
| Quarry Chapel|
8 School Street
|East Hills Avenue / Stromcesta o'Eesheckt|
| FOR SALE|
1 Shall Street
|*5|| FOR SALE|
2 Shall Street
2 East Hills Avenue
|Saint Barbara's Church||*6|| Quarry Museum|
2 Jamal Hustróva Street
|Sobrance Path / Ropusha o'Sobrance|
|Oceana Forests|| East Hills Railway Station|
4 Jamal Hustróva Street
- Swit Street / Switcesta
- Stone Street / Kamenni Cesta
- Camp Street / Polecesta
- School Street / Shkolni Cesta
- Shall Street / Shallcesta
- Jamal Hustróva Street / Cesta o'Jamal Hustróva Starnast
East Hills has a distinctive Oceana language dialect. It is well-known to lack the dental [t̪] and [d̪] of the Hurbanova dialect, which are non-dental instead. The East Hills dialect also does not share two important innovations in Hurbanova dialect: dropping of palatalization in consonant clusters and glottalization, so clocke is pronounced [kʲlokˠə], instead of [klokˠʔ] or even [klokˀ].
Another feature of the East Hills dialect is the distinctive pronunciation of the oa-sound: when occuring in a syllable onset, it is pronounced /ʔʊ̯ɑ/ (as in oak); when following any [l] (including palatalized), the loa-sequence is pronounced [ɫa]; when followed by [ʁ], it is pronounced [ɒ:] (as in Hurbanova); and in most other cases, it is pronounced [ʊə̯], though in some words, like noa, it is monophthongized, fronted and raised to /i:/. (see also: Pronunciation of the digraph "oa" in Oceana)
ch and tch are merged into an aspirated [tʃʰ], while tsh is pronounced [tʃ]; in Hurbanova, tsh and tch merge into [tʃ], while ch is aspirated. y and ý are pronounced respectively [ɪ] (or [i]) and [iː].
The r-phoneme is pronounced [ʁ] in East Hills, though some older members of the Úskalie family have a uvular trill [ʀ], which used to be more widespread among immigrants with a Central European, mainly German, ancestry. The preferred pronunciation is non-rhotic, which means that a word like horeless is pronounced ['hɔ:lɛsʲ] instead of ['xoʁəɫɛsʲ] (Hurbanova) or ['hoʊ̯ɹləs] (Beaver River Mouth). This non-rhotic feature is often connected to the haplologic rule of the East Hills dialect: In East Hills, it is very common to pronounce two (nearly) similar sounding, often short, syllables as one long syllable. An example would be dovolny: In Hurbanova, it is pronounced /'d̪oʋolnə/, while in East Hills, it is pronounced /'dɒ:lne/. It is especially common when the two involved vowels are separated only by a single glide, such as /ʋ/ or /j/, or a single voiced, so unpalatalised, plosive, such as /b/, /d/, or /g/.
The haplologic rule is also connected to another lenition rule. In East Hills, final voiceless obstruents are voiced when followed by a word beginning on a vowel, so Deep in that horeless 'Oshenna is pronounced [di:b in tʰɛə̯t hɔ:lɛzʲ ɔo̯'ʃɛnʲɑ], instead of Hurbanova [d̪i:p in t̪ʰat̪ xoʁəɫɛsʲ ʔɔo̯'ʃɛnʲɑ].
Former characteristics Edit
The East Hills dialect used to be more deviant from the Hurbanova variety, but media, education, and political sentiments have increased the need for a more unified pronunciation, mainly based on the Hurbanova, or more specifically Millstreet, variety of Oceana. Former characteristics of East Hills include:
- The pronounciation of á as [ɒ:], instead of Hurbanova [aɔ̯]. The loss of this feature is quite recent, and most older speakers do not participate in it. It has been noted that some children still use the original regional pronunciation.
- Vowel harmony used to be common practice in the East Hills dialect, and can still be observed in some of the more rural variants of the dialect, such as Boynitzni. Examples include the pronunciation of words like those, spievatteth, and hine as [tʰozo], [spiə̯ʋɛtʲɛtʰ], and [ɦini].
- Often the vowel harmony was conceiled because of lenition, which caused glides and voiced unpalatalised plosives to disappear, such as in bude, nove, and dober: [by:], [nɔ:], and [dɔ:(ʀ)]. This far-going principle has disappeared, though some form of lenition still exists.
- [a] used to be pronounced as [ɛə̯]; this is still common in a few words, such as that.
- The East Hills dialect has kept more -t endings in Slovak words, such as [ʁobəc] instead of [ʁobə] (robe). This feature may, however, be on the decrease.
- Verb conjugation and noun inflection (still present in the Boynitz dialect).
While most of the features described above have fully disappeared, some East Hills words made it into the standard Oceana language before the dialect changed, and are now widespread, even in Hurbanova. These include nalingi (older Hurbanova variant: nalinga) and sheck (older Hurbanova variant: shack).
The following table indicates trends in language change. It is based on research by Oos Wes Ilava in 2014 and seems to confirm that the language of East Hills is indeed moving towards the language of Hurbanova. In this research, rural dialects, such as Boynitzni, were also included.
| Age category →|
|Infinitive on -t||93%||84%||77%||32%|
|Voicing of voiceless final obstruents||94%||91%||83%||77%|
The most commonly used text to represent dialectual differences in Oceana is a Jonas Hladovka Sr. passage from the 1998 novel Vicedah:
|Oceana text||East Hills IPA||Hurbanova IPA||English translation|
|That mush o'thie horeless o'Heighnow ghnats that pes. Hine serdits beet in hine hrud. Hine oaks, eloaden kue obrasocks o'hoas, ewer zaviazni de hovorit hineself falste. Iese new that he vidert hine absolutni arfgood; up that trh o'shest ár, hine ghrietsh letch in hine bichen: de ryft that rýt, that call o'thie vlacks: odiste, those clocks povedet os we bude robe!||/tʰɛə̯t 'mɪʒ otʰiə̯ hɔ:lɛzʲ o'hiə̯çnoʊ̯ 'çnats tʰɛə̯t 'pɛs | hinə 'sɛ:dits 'bi:d in inə 'hʁud | hinə 'ʔʊ̯ɑkəz ɛ'ɫa:dən kɔ 'ʔobʁazogˠz o'hʊə̯z ɛwə 'zaviə̯zni də 'hɔ:ʁiɟ inəsɛlf 'falstɛ | iə̯zə 'nɛʊ̯ tʰɛə̯t ɛ: 'vidɛʁɟ imə 'ʔabsolytno 'ʔɑ:fgu:d | ʔyp tʰɛə̯t 'tʁɣ oʃɛsc 'ʔɒ: hinə 'çʁiə̯tʃ lɛdʒʰ in inə 'bitʃʰɛn | də 'ʁɪfc tʰɛə̯t 'ʁi:t | tʰɛə̯t 'kʲalʲ otʰiə̯ 'vlakˠs | 'ʔodistɛ | tʰozə 'kʲlokˠəs 'povədɛɟ oz vɛ: bydə 'ʁobəc/||/t̪ʰat̪ 'myʃ ʔot̪ʰiə̯ 'xoʁəlɛsʲ ʔo'ɦiə̯çnoʊ̯ 'çnats t̪ʰat̪ 'pɛs | ɦinə 'sɛʁd̪its 'bi:t̪ in ɦinə 'ɦʁyd̪ | ɦinə 'ʔʊ̯ɑks ə'lʊ̯ɑd̪ən kɔ 'ʔobʁasokˠs o'ɦʊə̯s ʔɛʋɛʁ 'zaʋiɐ̯zni d̪ə 'ɦoʋoʁic ɦinəsɛlf 'falstɛ | ʔiə̯sə 'nɛʋ t̪ʰat̪ ə 'vid̪ɛʁc ɦinə 'ʔabsolycni 'ʔɑ:ʁfgu:d̪ | ʔyp t̪ʰat̪ 't̪ʁɣ ʔoʃɛsc 'ʔaɔ̯ʁ ɦinə 'çʁiə̯tʃ lɛtʃ in ɦinə 'bitʃʰɛn | d̪ə 'ʁyfc t̪ʰat̪ 'ʁœ:t̪ | t̪ʰat̪ 'kʲalʲ ʔot̪ʰiə̯ 'vlakˠs | 'ʔod̪istɛ | t̪ʰosə 'klokˠs 'poʋɛd̪ɛc ʔos wɛ byd̪ə 'ʁobə/||The man from the Heighnow forests chased the dog. His heart beat in his chest. His eyes, loaded with images of whores, were obliged to talk himself straight. It is now that he realized his real heritage; on the six are market, his sin lies in his living: to smell the ceremony, the call of the trains: leave, those clocks tell us we must!|
Seal and flag Edit
- See also: seal for more information about the usage of seals in Lovia.
The town's flag and seal, both designed by Governor Andy McCandless, bear the map symbols for quarries and mines (hammer and pick). The seal bears the town's motto Labore Omnia Florent (English: By work everything flourishes). The predominant colors are the crimson red also seen on Hurbanova's flag and seal and light green, considered East Hills' color, as a reference to the surrounding landscape.
Now follows the voting results for the local State Elections:
|Entitled to vote||4,098||4,216||4,521|
East Hills is served by the Bus Service Oceana:
- Line 10: Hurbanova to East Hills (buses for sixteen to thirty-five travellers);
- Line 11: East Hills to Hurbanova (buses for sixteen to thirty-five travellers);
- Line 12: Hurbanova to East Hills (buses for sixteen to thirty-five travellers);
- Line 13: East Hills to Hurbanova (buses for sixteen to thirty-five travellers);
- Line 40: East Hills to Train Village (buses for sixteen to thirty-five travellers);
- Line 41: Train Village to East Hills (buses for sixteen to thirty-five travellers);
- Line 44: Boynitz to Hurbanova (buses for eight to sixteen travellers; only early in the morning);
- Line 60: Hurbanova to East Hills and Lovian State Mine (buses for thirty-five travellers; only stops at selected stops; departs every two hours);
- Line 61: Lovian State Mine to East Hills and Hurbanova (buses for thirty-five travellers; only stops at selected stops; departs every two hours).
The following bus stops lie within East Hills's zone of habitation: East Hills Avenue, East Hills Davis Road, East Hills Guend, East Hills Kelový Road, East Hills Prolock, East Hills Quarry, East Hills School Street, East Hills Thallroad, East Hills Valley, Emerald Border, and Suelstond Source. A bus stop shared with Orwnitz is Hillstern.
Picture gallery Edit
Twin town Edit
- ↑ Of which 6,527 in built-up areas and 1,495 in rural areas. Oceana Demographic Center (2015).
- ↑ Voting results for these elections may not be fully accurate, as some people were still registrated in Hurbanova and East Hills, due to the transition to the district system. As a result, the amount of registered voters in the hamlet is lower than the actual amount; while some votes in built-up areas are actually votes from hamlets.